The Industries uses control systems, computers, robots and information technologies to execute any process in their businesses for better efficiency and optimized results. Before few years automation were used to increase productivity for reducing the cost now the goal has been shifted to increase the quality and flexibility in the manufacturing sector. Advance Authorisation Scheme launched under foreign trade policy to allow duty free import of raw materials required to manufacture the export products.
There are following advantages of Industrial Automation:-
Lower Operating cost:-
Use of automation has eliminated the healthcare cost, holidays, paid leave associated with the human operator. Machines are not required the bonus, pension coverage etc. It takes initial cost but further other cost can be saved permanently. Only the cost is there of maintenance cost.
By using the automation companies can work 24 by 7 which leads the significant improvement in the productivity of the company.
Automation eliminates the errors associated with a human being, use of robots in the industry do not involve any kind error which results in higher quality of the production.
Robots are programmed to perform many task in one time, human operator requires training after addition of new task.
Higher DATA accuracy:-
Using automated data collection data accuracy and security can be increased which reduce the waste and improve the processes.
High Safety and Security:-
To avoid the hazardous condition and accidents it is advisable to implement the automation in the production industries.
Disadvantages – It cost compulsory higher initial cost to switch the human production line to automated production line.
It involves execution of new code on systems you own, these are controlled by systems and changes frequently.
Special equipment is required for the hard automation which is difficult to change, used for the mass production.
It requires set of programs with control system used in high production line.
It uses the electronic device which is programmed and work with the control system. Government of India launched EPCG Scheme to allow duty free import of capital goods.
Industries where automation used
- Oil and Gas Drilling
- Paper Mills
- Steel Mills
Government of India launched MEIS Scheme to promote the goods export from the country by providing incentive in the form of license which can be used in waiver of custom duty.